Basic neurological concepts

Lecture directed at physical therapists, doctors, occupational therapists and researchers.


Course description

Time: 2 hours

Target group: Physical therapists, doctors, occupational therapists and researchers

Prerequisites: Basic knowledge of anatomy, physiology neurology and orthopedics

Lecturer: Ulrika Myhr, specialist in pediatric physical therapy, with over 30 years experience from neurology in child development, disability and research

In order to fix a problem, one needs to understand its causes and have a correct definition. In the field of neurology and movement theory, conceptual confusion sometimes exists regarding the very definition of different basic concepts. As an example, distinguishing between postural tone and stretch reflex tone or defining balance according to ICF at organ level versus functional level. Do we know how control systems for balance interact and which parts need tasks to solve in order to develop and which parts are inherited?
Spasticity is sometimes defined as a positive sign with too much tone and where the treatment involve "unloading" with orthoses and weakening via botox. Others define spasticity as a symptom with a negative character - it is 'too little' of load and strength and the measures lead to more weightbearing and strength training.

In newborns, muscle tone and movement patterns are different from that of adults. The child is affected by newborn reflexes that normally are integrated in motor function. In this lecture you will learn about the difference between postural tone and intrinsic tone, you will understand the relationship between tone and movement ability, the role of the proprioception in movements, in strength and in balance. You will learn how the range of motion, strength and balance interact in normal development and you have to think about what we need to strive for and have as a golden standard for disabled children. The knowledge is partly derived from John Foley and Purdon Martin's basic work on how we move towards gravity and learn about movement control and partly from research and clinical work around sitting in children with severe CP.

This lecture can be held in the place you request.


Ulrika Myhr
+46 (0)73-526 48 88